Braille is a system of raised dots used by blind people to read and write.
Invented in 1824 by Frenchman Louis Braille,who went blind following a childhood
accident, it consists of cells to represent each letter of the alphabet.
Each Braille cell consists of six dots, like the dots on a domino.
Each letter uses a different combination of raised dots so that the blind person
can read them using the fingers.
To create numbers in Braille a special symbol is placed before the letters A
to make the numbers 1 to 9.
A = 1 and B = 2 and so on. The letter J is used for zero.
If for example the numeral symbol is followed by the letter F, this would create
the number 6, which would look like this.
Grade 1 and Grade 2 Braille
Partly because of the size that Braille pages occupy, and partly to improve the speed
of writing and reading, "contractions" are used that substitute shorter sequences
for the full spelling of commonly-occurring words. For example, "the" is usually
just one character in Braille.
Braille that uses contractions called "Grade 2" in contrast to "Grade 1" transcriptions
where all words are spelled out letter-for-letter.
Please contact us if you need any more information about UK Braille, or if you would
like a document converting into Braille